Workplace Bullying, Attribution-of-Blame and Forgiveness among University Teachers

Author: Arifa Siddiqui
Supervisor: Afsheen Masood, PhD
Degree: BS
Year: 2011-2015
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

This research was conducted to investigate workplace bullying, attribution-of-blame and forgiveness among university teachers. This was hypothesized that there is likely to be a significant association between workplace bullying, attribution-of-blame and forgiveness among university teachers. It also further explored that workplace bullying predicted attribution-of-blame and forgiveness among university teachers when employed in workplace setting. The sample comprised of 100 male and female teachers, age ranging between 25-45 years of Lahore of different public and private sector universities. The questionnaires for collecting data included Workplace Bullying Risk Assessment Tool (WBRAT) (CIPD, 2005), Wade’s Scale of Blame Attribution (Wade, 1989) and Wade’s Forgiveness Scale (Wade, 1989) in addition to the indigenous demographic questionnaire. Pearson Product Correlation Moment was used for the relationship between workplace bullying, attribution of blame and forgiveness and demographics. The result showed that workplace bullying is significantly correlated with attribution of blame whereas no association of workplace bullying was reported with the forgiveness. On the other hand, the attribution of blame had significant negative correlation with the forgiveness. The results of hierarchical regression analyses showed that workplace bullying  will only predict blame attribution towards the perpetrator, but not predicting the forgiveness level. Moreover, the demographics were predicting only 13% to the factor of workplace bullying. Moreover independent sample t– test and one-way ANOVA was performed to see the difference among study variables and demographics.The results of independent sample t-test showed that gender demographics have a difference with workplace bullying and forgiveness. Moreover, number of years working in the respective organization had significant difference with workplace bullying. Other demographic information had no significant differences with workplace bullying. The limitations were also given by considering the issues of the current study and further suggestions were also given to bring out better results for further studies. Implications were also given of the present study.

Keywords: Workplace Bullying, Attribution of Blame, Forgiveness.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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