Work-Stress, Hardiness and General Health among Staff Nurses: A Comparative Analysis

Author: Amna Aslam

Supervisor: Dr. Rafia Rafique

Degree: MSc

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The research aimed to investigate differences in work-stress, hardiness and general health among staff nurses working in Government hospitals. Cross-sectional research design was employed. The sample comprised of 80 staff nurses, 40 male and 40 female, within the age range of 30-50 years. Workplace Stress Scale (American Institute of Stress, 1998), Hardiness Dispositional Resilience Scale (Barton, 2009) and General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg, 1978) were used to assess the study variables. Independent Samples t-test revealed significant gender differences in general health and hardiness. However no significant gender differences in the level of work-stress was established. The results indicate that female nurses scored higher on hardiness as compared to male nurses. Moreover general health of female staff nurses is better as compared to male staff nurses. The results direct towards gender based psychological and medical interventions for improving components of hardiness (commitment, control) as well as general health among male staff nurses.

Keywords: Work-Stress, Hardiness, General Health.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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