Vocabulary, Comprehension of Children and Mothers’ Learning Practices

Author: Zahra Asad Bukhari

Supervisor: Dr. Naumana Amjad

Degree: MSc

Year: 2010-2012

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research aimed to investigate mothers’ learning practices and children’s vocabulary and comprehension. Mothers’ learning practices which are related to mothers’ education, books reading, stories telling to children, encouraging reading and providing books to children that are related to children cognitive and intellectual development. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a positive relationship in vocabulary and comprehension of children and mothers’ learning practices. The sample was comprised of 240 participants from different cities of Pakistan (120 = students of 9th grade (60 = private school and from public schools) and 120 their mothers). Self-made questionnaire was used to assess mothers’ learning practices. Children were assessed by their vocabulary and their comprehension. Two subscales of WISC III which assess verbal IQ were used. Pearson Product- Moment Correlation was used to assess data. Study revealed that there is a positive significant relationship between vocabulary score and comprehension score. Independent sample t-test was used to compare private and public school children on vocabulary and comprehension. No significant difference was found between vocabulary and comprehension of public and private school children. Independent sample t-test was used to compare those children who listen to stories and those who do not listen to stories. Significant differences are found in the vocabulary and comprehension of story listeners and those who do not listen to stories by their mothers. The implication of the study is that to expose of reading material and books reading provide stimulus to children for their intellectual growth which helps to determine of vocabulary and comprehension.

Keywords: Vocabulary, Comprehension, Learning Practices.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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