The Effects of Optimism on Coping Strategies of Diabetic Patients

Author: Nadia Gulraiz

Supervisor: Ms. Fatima Kamran

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2006-2008

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


This research investigates the effect of optimism on coping strategies of diabetic patients. Purposive sampling was used. The sample consisted of diabetic patients (N = 50; aged 45-60, 22 males and 28 females). The Life Orientation Test -Revised (optimism), Gratitude Questionnaire – 6 (GQ-6), Adult Hope Scale (AHS), Satisfaction with Life Scale, Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire (SCSRF) and The Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) were used to assess effect of optimism on coping strategies. It was assumed that optimism has an effect on coping strategies of diabetic patients. Regression analysis, independent sample t-test and descriptive statistics were used to analyze data. Analysis revealed that satisfaction with life effects coping strategies of diabetic patients. There were no significant gender differences in coping strategies of diabetic patients. Religious coping strategy was mostly used by females than male diabetic patients. Active practical coping strategy was most commonly used strategy by diabetic patients. The implications of the findings are to teach diabetics more effective coping strategies and to produce optimistic approach towards life in patients.

Keywords: Optimism, Coping Strategies, Diabetic Patients, Active practical

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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