Temperamental Surgency, Perception of Parents and Social Competence among Early Adolescents

Author: Zahra Jaleel Quershi

Supervisor: Farah Malik, PhD

Degree: BS

Year: 2011-2015

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study  investigated  the  relationship  between  temperamental surgency, perception of parents  and  social  competence in early adolescents. It was hypothesized that there would  be  relationship between temperamental surgency, perception of parents and social competence of early adolescents, temperamental surgency and perception of parents would predict the social competence and perception of parents will moderate the relationship between temperamental surgency and social competence. Sample comprised of 160 early adolescents (80 girls and 80 boys) with age range of 11-15 years (M = 12.71, SD = 1.21). Data were collected from students of grade 6th to 8th of 2 English and 2 Urdu medium schools in Lahore. Urdu versions of Early Adolescents Temperament Questionnaire (Ellis & Rothbart, 2001), Perception of Parents Scale (Grolnick, Ryan, & Deci, 1991) and Social Competence Scale for Adolescents (Shujja & Malik, 2014) were used. The results of Pearson product moment correlation indicated significant relationship between temperamental surgency and social competence and partially significant relationship between mother as well as father perception and social competence. Hierarchal regression analysis indicated that mother involvement, father autonomy support and father warmth predicted social competence. The moderation analysis through PROCESS revealed that only mother’s involvement significantly moderated the relationship between temperamental surgency and social competence whereas the moderated moderation revealed that mother autonomy support and father autonomy support together moderates the relationship between temperamental surgency and social competence. MANOVA depicted significant differences of education system in temperamental surgency, social competence, mother autonomy support, mother warmth, father involvement and father warmth. The interaction between gender and education system was significant for social competence. The present study has implication of developing management plans and counseling strategies in related field.

Keywords: Temperamental Surgency, Social Competence, Early Adolescents.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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