Temperament, Sensation Seeking and Psychopathic Tendencies in Juvenile Delinquents

Author: Marriyam Khalid

Supervisor: Farah Malik, PhD
Degree: M.Sc
Year: 2014-2016
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The present study investigated the relationship between aggressive temperament, sensation seeking and psychopathic tendencies in juvenile’s delinquents and to explore the role of temperaments, sensation seeking as predictors of psychopathic tendencies in Juveniles. I) It was hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship between aggressive temperament, sensation seeking and psychopathic tendencies. ii). It was also hypothesized that aggressive temperament and sensation seeking will be predicting psychopathic tendencies in juvenile delinquents. iii. Moreover, aggressive temperaments will predict sensation seeking in juvenile delinquents. iv. Likewise, sensation seeking will predict psychopathic tendencies. Additionally, sensation seeking will mediate the relationship between aggressive temperament and psychopathic tendencies in Juvenile delinquents. Sample comprised of 50 (boys) juvenile delinquent with age range of 12 – 18 years (M = 15.82, SD = 1.68). Data were collected from child protection bureau and district jail Lahore. Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (Ellis & Rothbart, 2001), Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (Stephen, 2007) and Child Psychopathic Scale (Lynam, 1997) were translated into Urdu. The results of person product moment correlation indicated positively significant relationship between aggressive temperament, sensation seeking and psychopathic tendencies in juvenile delinquents. Mediation though hierarchal regression indicated that aggressive temperament predicted psychopathic tendencies; aggressive temperament predicted sensation seeking and likewise, sensation seeking mediated the relationship aggressive temperament and psychopathic tendencies. The results are discussed in the Pakistani context and the findings of the current study have implication of providing the guiding principles for the counseling and rehabilitation of the juvenile delinquents for the mental health professionals as well as authorities.

Keywords: Temperament, Sensation Seeking, Psychopathic Tendencies, Juvenile Delinquents.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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