Author: Zainab Raza
Supervisor: Ms. Omama Tariq
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The present study was conducted to find out relationship between temperament and school readiness in kindergarten students. It was hypothesized that there is relationship between temperament and its dimensions (surgency, negative affectivity, effortful control) and school readiness. It was also hypothesized that there is gender differences in school readiness and temperament in kindergarten students. Another hypothesis was that temperament and its dimensions (surgency, negative affectivity, effortful control) are more likely to predict school readiness in kindergarten students. Correlation research design was used. Purposive sampling had been used to collect sample. The sample comprised of (N =150) kindergarten students was drawn from five private schools of Lahore. Kindergarten Readiness Checklist (Lyons, 2009) was used to assess school readiness in kindergarten students while Children Behavior Questionnaire Very Short Form Teacher Version (Rothbart, Ahadi, Hershey & Fisher, 2001) was used to assess temperament of kindergarten students. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation, regression, and t-test were used to assess relationship of temperament and school readiness, temperament as predictor of school readiness, and gender difference in school readiness and temperament respectively. Analyses revealed that there was relationship between temperament and school readiness. Effortful control and negative affectivity were strong predictors of school readiness. It was also revealed that there is no gender difference in school readiness and temperament in kindergarten students. The research can be helpful to change view of people about different temperament styles in children. Awareness can also be provided to help schools know about the importance of checking school readiness of children before giving admission in schools.
Keywords: Temperament, School Readiness, Surgency, Negative Affectivity, Effortful Control.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone: 92-42-9231245