Stress Appraisal and Psychological Well-being of Medical Professionals Working in Emergency Units

Author: Qurat-ul-Ain Khan

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2006-2008

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was conducted to investigate stress appraisal and psychological well-being of Medical Professionals working in Emergency Units, in Pakistan. It was hypothesized that there is a relationship between stress appraisal and mental health of medical professionals dealing with emergency casualties. A sample of 51 medical professionals (doctor and nurses), working in emergency units, were selected from Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore, Jinnah Hospital Lahore, and Services Hospital Lahore. A questionnaire consisting of General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), Stress Appraisal Measure (SAM) and demographical questions was used for assessment and individual assessment was carried out by the researcher at the premises of hospitals after seeking formal permission from hospitals authorities. Data was analyzed using MAOVA, t-test and correlation analysis. Analysis revealed that a substantial number of medical professionals showed negative stress appraisal and symptoms above the cut off score on four subscales of General Health Questionnaire. Male doctors reported significantly more anxiety as compared to nurses. Findings have very important implications for provision of psychological interventions for the hospital staff who deals with severe emergency casualties.


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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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