Spirituality, Type of Relationship and Positive Mood in Older Adults

Author: Hafiza Neelam Younas

Supervisor: Ms. Afifa Anjum

Degree: MSc

Year: 2010-2012

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was conducted to investigate the role of spirituality and type of relationship in the positive mood of the older adults. The sample consisted of 60 older adults (Males = 47 and w = 13 Females) sample was taken from different regions of Okara and Lahore, consisting of those who were retired from their jobs. Demographic Information Questionnaire, State-Trait- Cheerfulness Inventory (STCI) by Ruch, Kohler, & Thriel (1997), Spiritual Assessment inventory (SA1) by Hall and Edwards (1996) and Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) by Bartholomew and Horowitz (1991) were used to assess demographic information, positive mood, spirituality and type of relationship. The findings indicated that spirituality had the highest mean value. Spirituality was found to be the significant predictor of positive mood in the older adults. Results showed the presence of more positive mood in the older adults having spirituality. Secure type of relationship was found to be significantly correlated with the positive mood. Demographic variables were not found to be the significant predictors or` the positive mood. The study will help the older adults in having more positive mood by improving their relationships. This study will helps the older adults in experiencing more positive mood by increasing the level of their spirituality, This study will help enabling them to enjoy better and healthy life by experiencing positive mood and positive mood will enable the older adults in having good and secure relationships with others.

Keywords: spirituality, positive mood, type of relationship, older adults.

Visit University to get the full thesis.

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

Leave a Reply