Spiritual Needs, Coping Styles and Sense of Coherence in Drug Addicts during Rehabilitation

Author: Madeeha Javed

Supervisor: Ms. Afifa Anjum

Degree: MSc

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between spiritual needs, coping responses and sense of coherence in drug addicts during rehabilitation. Following hypotheses were formulated: H1: There is an association between spiritual needs and coping responses. H2: Spiritual needs arising in the addicts are likely to predict sense of coherence. H3: Coping responses employed by the addicts in dealing with stress caused by addiction and its related problems are likely to predict sense of coherence. Purposive sampling strategy was used to draw sample of 60 drug addicts from different rehabilitation centers of Lahore. Survey design was used. Relationship among variables was measured through assessing Patients Spiritual Needs Scale, Brief Cope Scale and Sense of Coherence Scale were used with authors permissions. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation was used to examine the relationship between spiritual needs and coping responses among drug addicts. Step wise regression analyses were carried out for assessing predictors of subscales of sense of coherence separately. Results showed that different predictor emerge for each subscale, among seven subscales of spiritual needs, three subscales predicted sense of coherence. However, in coping responses among fourteen subscales, nine subscales predicted senses of coherence. Stepwise regression showed that beauty appreciation, behavior disengagement and meaning and purpose highly predicted meaningfulness. Whereas beauty appreciation, self-blame, use of emotional support, substance use highly predicted comprehensibility and positive reframing, use of emotional support, venting, active coping, behavior disengagement, acceptance, self-distraction and planning highly predicted manageability.

Keywords: Spiritual Needs, Coping Styles, Coherence, Drug Addicts, Rehabilitation.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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