Social Support, Coping Strategies and Perceived Stigmatization in Drug Addicts

Author: Muzammal Mushtaq

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar and Ms. Amna Aijaz

Degree: MSc

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present exploratory research was designed to investigate social support, coping strategies and perceived stigmatization in drug addict patients. It was hypothesized that a) there is likely to be a relationship between perceived social support, coping strategy and perceived stigmatization in drug addict patients, and b) Perceived social support and coping strategies are likely to predict perceived stigmatization in drug addict patients. The research design of the present study was within subject design. The sample (N = 100), extracted through purposive sampling, comprised of 100 males with drug addiction between the age range of 20 – 45 years. The participants were taken from the Silver Lining Rehabilitation and Psychiatric Clinic Lahore, Pakistan Institute of Mental Health Lahore, Bridge Rehabilitation and Psychiatric Services, Blessing Rehabilitation Centre Lahore and Pak Rehabilitation and Psychiatric Clinic. Demographic Information Questionnaire, Perceived Stigma of Substance Abuse Scale (PSAS) (Luoma, O’Hair, Kohlenberg, Hayes, Fletcher, 2010), Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale (MSPSS) (Zimet et al., 1988), and Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) (Kausar, 2004) were administered. Correlation analysis indicated that there was a significant negative relationship between social support, active practical coping, religious focused coping and perceived stigmatization. Stepwise regression analyses indicated that friends support, significant others support, and religious focused coping were significant predictors of perceived stigma. These findings may contribute in the proper guidance towards utilizing effective coping strategies, increasing the quality of social support and removing the stigmatization in the drug addicts by counseling family members and providing support groups to patients.

Keywords: Social Support, Coping Strategies, Perceived Stigmatization, Drug Addicts.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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