Social Problem Solving Skills, Normative Beliefs about Aggression and Aggressive Behavior among School Students

Author: Samia Parveen

Supervisor: Dr. Naumana Amjad

Degree: MSc

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research studied the relationship between social problem solving skills, normative belief about aggression and aggressive behavior among school students. The aim of the study is a). Aggressive behavior related to normative beliefs about aggression, b). Difference in aggressive behavior, social problem solving skills and beliefs about aggression among boys and girls, c). Difference in aggressive behavior among girls and boys is due to their different beliefs about aggression and social problem solving skills. Sample comprised of 60 school students (30 boys and 30 girls; age range from 9 to 12). The data was collected by using Social Problem Solving Measure (Dodge, 1986), Normative Belief about Aggression Scale, NOBAGS (Huesmann & Guerra, 1997) and Direct and Indirect Aggression Scale (DIAS, Bjorkqovist, Osterman, & Kaukiainen, 1992) from different schools of Lahore. All scale was translated into Urdu by the researcher. The results indicate that there is significant relationship of retaliation (subscale of NOBAGS) with general belief about aggression, physical, verbal and indirect aggression but general belief about aggression have non-significant with verbal aggression. In social problem solving styles, boys have higher frequency in aggressive responses and on the other side girls have higher frequency in defensive responses. There is a significant mean difference in retaliation and general belief about aggression among boys and girls. There is significant difference in physical, verbal and indirect aggression among boys and girls. The mean differences of physical aggression and verbal aggression are higher in boys and mean difference of verbal and indirect aggression are higher in girls.

Keywords: Social Problem Solving Skills, Normative Beliefs, Aggressive Behavior.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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