Sleep Pattern, Sleep Disturbance and Psychological Health in Children

Author: Saima Shaukat

Supervisor: Syeda Fatima Hasnain & Farah Malik, PhD

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2014-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The current research investigated the relationship between sleep pattern, sleep disturbance and psychological health in children. It was hypothesized that there would be a negative relationship between sleep disturbance and psychological health of children. It was also assumed  that there would be gender differences in sleep pattern, sleep disturbance and psychological health of children. Correlation research design was used with convenient sampling technique. The sample comprised of100 children with an age range of 8 to 12 years (M = 9.67, S.D = 1.48) and their mothers. Urdu versions of Children’s Mornigness/Eveningness Scale (Richards & Kyllonen, 1999) for sleep pattern, Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (Bruni, et all, 1995), and Kidscreen-27 (Sieberer, 2004) for measuring psychological health were used. SDSC was filled by mothers. Results showed that sleep disturbance was negatively correlated with psychological health. The results of prediction through hierarchical regression analysis indicated that age, gender and sleep pattern were not significant predictors of psychological health. However, sleep disturbance significantly negatively predicted psychological health of children. Results of independent samples t-test revealed that there were no significant gender differences in sleep  disturbance and psychological health. Additional analyses revealed that there were no significant differences between children having morningness and eveningness pattern of sleep across  sleep  disturbance  and  psychological health. These results have been discussed in light of scientific literature and Pakistani context.

Keywords: Sleep Pattern, Sleep Disturbance, Psychological Health.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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