Self-Esteem, Subjective Well-Being and Autonomy among Married Women

Author: Sunnyina Tufail

Supervisor: Dr. Naumana Amjad

Degree: BS

Year: 2009-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The purpose of this study was to investigate the self-esteem, subjective well-being and autonomy among married women. In order to find out expected changes after marriage, an exploratory study (interviews) was conducted. Through content analyses, three most cited changes, happiness, subjective well-being self-esteem, and autonomy, were selected for further investigation through two studies. In study 1 (N = 60 married women 30 married for 6-8 months, 30 women married for 10-25 years) were assessed by Self-Esteem Scale given by (Glenn & Schiraldi, 2001), Happiness was assessed by The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: a compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being given by (Argyle & Hills, 2001) and autonomy was assessed by self  constructed scale of autonomy by (Tufail & Amjad 2013). Findings showed that there was a significance difference in self esteem and subjective well-being in newly married and older married women. Newly married women had greater self-esteem and subjective well-being than older married women. In second study 15 girls were assessed on same variables before and after three months of their wedding. Findings revealed that there was a significant difference in self-esteem and subjective well-being before and after marriage, Self-esteem and subjective well-being increase after marriage in women. But no significant difference in autonomy was found in women after marriage. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that no demographic variable predicted subjective well-being and results showed that autonomy predicted subjective well-being whereas self-esteem did not predict subjective wellbeing which means that females having more autonomy have more subjective well-being. Correlation analysis results showed that age has a significant negative relationship with subjective well-being. Further correlation analysis showed that there was no significant relationship between marriage duration and subjective well-being.

Keywords: Self-Esteem, Subjective Well-Being, Autonomy.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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