Self-Consciousness, Need for Admiration and Narcissism as Predictors of Envy in University Students

Author: Tooba Ashfaq
Supervisor: Rafia Rafique, PhD
Degree: BS
Year: 2012-2016
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The present study aimed to investigate self-consciousness, need for admiration and narcissism as predictors of envy in university students. It was hypothesized that, Self-consciousness, need for admiration and narcissism were predictors of envy. Sample of 150 students (N = 150) including males and females, with age range 18-24 years were recruited in the study. Correlational research design and convenient sampling technique were used. Self-Consciousness Scale (Fenigstein, Scheier, & Buss, 1975), Admiration Seeking Behavior Scale (Brown, 1998), Narcissistic Personality Inventory-16 (Ames, Rose, & Cameron, 2006) and Benign and Malicious Envy Scale (Lange, & Crusius, 2015) were used for assessment. Pearson product moment correlation was used to find relationship among self-consciousness, need for admiration, narcissism and envy and hierarchical regression analysis was used for prediction. Results indicated that there was positive relationship between self-consciousness and benign envy, positive relationship between need for admiration and malicious envy and that between narcissism and malicious envy were found. Self-consciousness significantly predicted benign envy and need for admiration significantly predicted malicious envy. The study has important implications in the field of social psychology and can be used to create awareness about sources of envy among people.

Keywords: Self-Consciousness, Need for Admiration, Narcissism, Benign Envy, Malicious Envy.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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