Self-Concept, Health Locus of Control and Quality of Life in Children with Asthma

Author: Sameen Hasan

Supervisor: Afsheen Masood, PhD

Degree: BS

Year: 2012-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between self- concept, health locus of control and quality of life in children with asthma. Case control research design was used in the present study. It was hypothesized that self-concept, health locus of control and quality of life would be different in children with asthma and children without asthma. The sample was comprised of 60 adolescents with asthma, (N =60) including and 120 adolescents without asthma (N = 120) including  93 boys and 87 girls, with age range of 11-18 years. The Self-Concept Questionnaire (SCQ; Robson, 1989), Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC; Wallston, 2007) and Youth Quality of Life-Short Form (YQOL-S; Patrick, Edwards & Topolski, 2002) were used to assess the study variables. Independent sample t-test was used to identify the difference between children with and without asthma in terms of study variables. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to find the relationship in self-concept, health locus of control and quality of life. The role of self-concept and health locus of control as predictors of quality of life was investigated through hierarchal regression analysis. The current study highlighted that children without asthma have better self-concept, internal locus of control  and quality of life as  compared  to children without asthma while children with asthma have chance and powerful others locus of control and relationship is present among these variables. Moreover, quality of life is predicted by self-concept and internal locus of control. The study has important implications in the  field of health psychology and can be used in improving quality of life of children with asthma by taking in consideration of results for devising asthma management programs.

Keywords: Self-Concept, Health Locus of Control, Quality of Life, Asthma.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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