Resilience, Mindful Parenting, Posttraumatic Growth and Family Functioning in the Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Author: Sherin Gul

Supervisor: Afsheen Masood, PhD

Degree: Mphil

Year: 2014-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research investigated the relationship between resilience, mindful parenting, posttraumatic growth, and family functioning in the parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Correlational cross sectional research design was used and it was hypothesized that there would be a relationship between resilience, mindful parenting, posttraumatic growth, and family functioning. It was also hypothesized that resilience and posttraumatic growth were likely to be significant predictors of family functioning whereas mindful parenting would mediate the relationship between resilience and posttraumatic growth. The sample of parents (both mothers and fathers of children with ASD; N
= 100) were taken from special education institutes and hospitals catering services to children with special needs by using purposive sampling technique. The demographic information questionnaire along with clinical information sheet, and translated versions of State-Trait Resilience Scale (Hiew, 2002), Bangor Mindful Parenting Scale (BMPS; Hastings, 2013), Post Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI; Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996), Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-IV; Gorall, Tiesel, & Olson, 2006) were used. The findings indicated significant relationship between study variables and their subscales. Stepwise regression analysis revealed that inter trait resilience was the strongest predictor of overall family functioning, cohesive and flexible family functioning, family communication and family satisfaction. Moreover, mindful parenting partially mediated the relationship between trait resilience and posttraumatic growth. Findings have important implications as mindful parenting practices were proved to be effective for posttraumatic growth in the parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder so this research will provide guidelines to improve parenting practices in order to enhance the family functioning.

Keywords: Resilience, Mindful Parenting, Family Functioning, Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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