Resilience, Life Orientation and Post-Traumatic Adjustment in The Patients with Burn Injury

Author: Ayishe Siddiqua
Supervisor: Farah Malik, PhD
Degree: MS
Year: 2013-2015
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The present research investigated the role of resilience and life orientation in post -traumatic adjustment in the patients with burn injury. It was hypothesized that there will be a positive relationship between resilience, life orientation and post-traumatic adjustment in the patients with burn injury and life orientation will moderate the relationship between resilience and post traumatic adjustment. A purposive sample of 50 participants with burn injury (23 men and 27 women) was drawn from the Plastic Surgery and Burn Units of Jinnah hospital, Lahore. Patients included in the sample were on follow up visits at least for one month after getting discharged from the hospitals. The assessment measures used included State-Trait Resilience Scale (Hiew, 2007), Life Orientation Test (Scheier, Carver & Bridges, 1994), and Post-traumatic Adjustment Scale (Donnell et al, 2008). The results of Pearson Product Moment Correlation revealed resilience was positively correlated with optimism and negatively correlated with pessimism, post-traumatic adjustment- PTSD and post-traumatic adjustment-Depression. Optimism was significantly negatively correlated with post-traumatic adjustment-PTSD and post-traumatic adjustment-Depression, whereas pessimism had significant positive association with post-traumatic adjustment-PTSD. The moderation analysis through hierarchical regression showed that optimism and state resilience were significant negative predictors of post- traumatic adjustment-Depression. Results further revealed that interaction between state resilience and optimism also negatively predicted post- traumatic adjustment-Depression. The results have been discussed in the light of existing literature and socio-cultural context of Pakistan. Findings of the current study will be helpful for the psychologists and other health professionals to focus on the intervention plans for burn victims and to develop and implement rehabilitation programs for patients with burn injury.

Keywords: Resilience, Life Orientation, Post-Traumatic Adjustment, Burn Injury.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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