Resilience, Empathy and Self-Efficacy in Medical and Clinical Psychology Students

Author: Farheen Najam

Supervisor: Ms Afifa Anjum

Degree: MSc

Year: 2010-2012

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The purpose of the present research was to investigate the differences in resilience, empathy and self-efficacy in medical and clinical psychology students. The sample of medical students was taken from Fatima Jinnah Medical College, Lahore and clinical psychology students from Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, using convenient sampling technique. Students who were in final semester of clinical psychology and final year of MBBS were recruited. Resilience Scale RS- 14 (G. Wagnild 1987), Multi-Dimensional Scale for Emotional Empathy (John, Mayer and Caruso, 1998), General Self-Efficacy Scale (Ralf Schwarzer, 1995) were used for data collection. t-test revealed that clinical psychology students have greater overall resilience and self- efficacy and greater responsive sharing, emotional attention and feel for others (three subscales of empathy) than medical students. Significant correlation was found between resilience, empathy and self-efficacy in both samples.

Keywords: Resilience, Empathy, Self-Efficacy.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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