Author: Amna Liaquat
Supervisor: Rukhsana Kausar, PhD
Degree: MS Health
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of cognitive appraisal between resilience, post-traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationships in flood affected adolescents. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a positive relationship between resilience, post-traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationships; resilience and cognitive appraisal is likely to predict post- traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationships; cognitive appraisal would be mediate the relationship of resilience with post- traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationships. Correlational research design and purposive sampling technique was used. Sample of 197 adolescents including both boys (n = 99) and girls (n = 98) was selected from schools of flood affected district Muzaffargarh. State Trait Resilience Scale (Hiew, 2007), Stress Appraisal Measure (SAM) (Peacock & Wong, 1990), Post-traumatic Growth Invetory for Children- Revised (PTGI-R) (Calhoun & Tedeschi, 2006; Kilmer, 2006), and The Network of Relationships (Relationship Quality Version) (Furman & Buhrmester, 1985) Urdu translated versions of all these scales were used. Correlation and mediation through Structured Equation Modeling (SEM), were conducted to test the proposed hypotheses. Results showed that state and trait resilience (inter & intra) had significant positive relationship with cognitive appraisals and post-traumatic growth. Cognitive Appraisal had significant positive relationships with post- traumatic growth. Post-traumatic growth had significant relationships with quality of interpersonal relationships. Male gender was a significant predictor of post-traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationship. State Trait Resilience significantly predicted cognitive appraisals, post-traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationships. Almost all types of cognitive appraisal significantly predicted post-traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationships. Findings of mediation analysis showed that all types of cognitive appraisals were significant mediators between state-trait resilience, post-traumatic growth and quality of interpersonal relationships. The findings of this study will help design prevention programs which could be introduced in form of specific classroom lessons about trauma and its possible consequences, and to train teachers about disaster recovery techniques.
Keywords: Resilience, cognitive appraisal, post-traumatic growth, quality of interpersonal relationships.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone: 92-42-9231245