Author: Asma Amanatullah
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The present research was aimed to explore the relationship between religiosity, belief in just world, and life satisfaction in elderly people living in old age homes and those with intact families. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be significant correlation in religiosity, belief in just world and life satisfaction in elderly people of both groups. It was also hypothesized that religiosity and belief in just world may predict life satisfaction in elderly people. It was further hypothesized there is likely to be a significant gender difference in religiosity, belief in a just world, and life satisfaction and also difference in variables in both groups of elderly people. Between subject research design was used to carry out the research. Purposive sampling and snowball sampling techniques were used to select the sample from old age homes and from intact families respectively. Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire, Belief in a Just World Questionnaire and Satisfaction with Life Scale were used to assess variables. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation, stepwise regression analysis, and two-way analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed that Religiosity had non-significant correlation with belief in just world and life satisfaction in both groups of elderly people. Belief in just world was positively correlated with life satisfaction in elderly people of both groups. It was further revealed from analyses that personal belief in just world predicted life satisfaction in elderly people. Elderly people living in old age homes had less strong religiosity, personal belief in a just world, a general belief in just world and life satisfaction than those living with intact families. Research has strong implications in gerontology and social psychology.
Keywords: Religiosity, Belief in Just World, Life Satisfaction.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245