Relationship between Parental Acceptance-Rejection and Self-efficacy in Adolescents

Author: Syeda Rida Kazmi

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2007-2009

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research investigated the relationship between Parental Acceptance-Rejection and Self-efficacy in adolescents. A Correlation Research Design was used. It was hypothesized that there is a positive relationship between parental acceptance and self-efficacy in adolescents and that there is a negative relation between parental rejection and self-efficacy in adolescents. The sample of adolescents was drawn from different Government schools of Lahore, consisted of 82 male and 80 female students of 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th grade. Each participant was administered Urdu Versions of Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) Shortened Version (Rohner, 1997) and General Self-efficacy Scale (GSE) Urdu Version (Jerusalem & Schwarzer, 1993). The respondents generally regarded their parents as warm and loving and low on hostility, aggression and indifference. Relationship between parental acceptance and rejection and self-efficacy was examined using bivariate correlation. Results indicated that there is a significant positive relationship between mother and fathers’ warmth and general self-efficacy of adolescents. There was a strong negative relationship between mother and father’s hostility, neglect and undifferentiated rejection with self-efficacy of adolescents. In other words, the more accepting the participants perceived their mothers and fathers to be, the more likely the students were to develop high self-efficacy. Findings also revealed no gender differences in Mother’s warmth, hostility, indifference and undifferentiated rejection. But Fathers were significantly more rejecting toward their sons than daughters. It was also found that there were no gender differences in self-efficacy level.

Keywords: Parental Acceptance-Rejection, Self-efficacy, Adolescents, Hostility, Neglect, Warmth

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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