Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Effective Leadership

Author: Neelofer Rizvi

Supervisor: Dr. Naumana Amjad

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2006-2008


University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The purpose of the present study was to find out the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Effective Leadership. The study further aimed to examine the difference between two professional groups and between men and women in terms of their emotional intelligence and leadership style. A total of 80 leaders, 33 heads of the departments from different academic institutes of Lahore and 47 managers from different national and multinational banks of Lahore participated in this research. Emotional Intelligence Scale by Singh (2003) and transformational leadership scale (self constructed, coefficient alpha .89) based on theory of transformational leadership by Bass (1985) was used to assess effective leadership style. The relationship between Emotional intelligence and effective leadership was examined through Pearson product moment correlation. There was significant positive correlation between emotional intelligence and effective leadership. Further t-test analysis was used to compare the leadership effectiveness and emotional intelligence in males and females and in bankers and teachers. Analyses indicated that there is no statistically significant difference between males and females and between teachers and bankers in terms of their emotional intelligence level and leadership style. Linear regression analysis was carried out to examine how well emotional intelligence predicts effective leadership. The beta coefficient of emotional intelligence showed that emotional intelligence is the significant indicator of effective leadership style than other predictors, gender and occupation.

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Effective Leadership, Transformational leadership

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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