Relationship between Attachment, Forgiveness and Life Satisfaction among Older Adults

Author: Tahira Muneer

Supervisor: Ms. Afifa Anjum

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2007-2009

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research was to investigate the relationship between attachment, forgiveness and life satisfaction among older adults. The total sample consisted of 80 participants (male n=40 and female n=40), age range of 65 to 75 years. Prerequisite condition was that older adults must be living in joint family system with at least one married child. In the study, Adult Attachment Questionnaire (1996), Heartland Forgiveness Scale (2005) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (1985) were administered after seeking official permission from the authors. Findings revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between life satisfaction and forgiveness and a significant negative relationship between forgiveness and avoidant attachment. Significant gender differences in forgiveness and life satisfaction among older adults were also found. Forgiveness and life satisfaction was greater in females as compared to males.

Keywords: Attachment, Forgiveness, Life Satisfaction, Older Adults

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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