Personality Traits and Correlates of Immoral Practices in Sports in Athletes

Author: Muneeb Ul Haq

Supervisor: Rukhsana Kausar, PhD

Degree: Mphil

Year: 2014-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


Participating in sports can provide people with an opportunity to comprehend how to learn cooperatively, compete with each other fairly, while enhancing team loyalty and morality. Present research aimed to develop a scale to examine immoral practices in athletes in relation to personality traits. Study one aimed to develop an indigenous tool on immoral practices in sports which was developed after interview. 28 items were generated. Through principal component factor analysis, final scale included 27 items with seven point rating scale. Scale comprised of four subscales i.e. cheating factors (11 items), foul motivation (5 items), foul justification (7 items) and righteous (4 items). Scale had high Cronbach alpha (.79) reliability. Study two was designed to investigate the relationship of personality traits with immoral practices in athletes. It was hypothesized that agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion are likely to negatively correlated to immoral practices in athletes; and male athletes are likely to score higher on immoral practices in sports than female athletes. Sample comprised of 172 university athletes. Data were collected through non-probability purposive sampling technique. Big Five Personality Inventory (Gosling, Rentfrow & Swann, 2003) and immoral practices in sports scale (Haq & Kausar, 2016) were used. Data were analyzed through Pearson product moment correlation, independent sample t-test. Results revealed that agreeableness was significantly negatively correlated with foul motivation and extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness was significantly negatively correlated with foul justification. There are no differences between male and female athletes in immoral practices in sports. Results are discussed in terms of their implications and theoretical significance.

Keywords: Personality Traits, Correlates of Immoral Practices, Athletes.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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