Author: Faiza Mushtaq
Supervisor: Rukhsana Kausar, PhD
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The present study was carried out to investigate the relationship between perceived parental involvement and communication, peer influence, frustration tolerance and impulsivity in teenagers. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a relationship between parental involvement and communication, peer influences, frustration tolerance and impulsivity; peer influences and frustration tolerance are likely to mediate the relationship between parental involvement and communication and impulsivity; there are likely to be gender differences in peer influences, frustration tolerance and impulsivity. Correlational research design was used and sample of N = 325 students was recruited from various schools and colleges of Lahore. Convenient sampling technique was used to collect data from teenagers with age range 12-19 years. Father and Mother Involvement Scale (Finley & Schwartz, 2004), Parent Child Communication Scale (Krohn, Stern, Thornberry, & Jang, 1992), Susceptibility to Peer Pressure Questionnaire (Lothar, 2012), Frustration Discomfort Scale (Harrington, 2005), UPPS Impulsivity Scale (Whiteside & Lynam, 2001) were used to measure perceived parental involvement and communication, peer influences, frustration tolerance and impulsivity respectively all the scales were translated in Urdu language and were used for assessment. Data were analyzed using Descriptive statistics, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation, Structural equation modeling (SEM) and Independent sample t-test. The results revealed that perceived father and mother involvement has positive relationship with communication. Perceived parental involvement and communication has significant negative relationship with peer influences, frustration tolerance and impulsivity. It was also found that peer influences and frustration tolerance mediated the relationship between expressive father involvement (desired) and negative urgency. Gender differences were found in peer influences and entitlement with boys having greater peer influence and have greater sense of entitlement as compared to girls. In the light of findings certain programs can be initiated to raise awareness among adolescents, families and communities regarding efficient role of parental involvement for prevention of impulsive behavior in teenagers.
Keywords: Perceived Parental Involvement, Peer Influences, Frustration Tolerance, Impulsivity.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245