Author: Arsla Nasir
Supervisor: Omama Tariq
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The research was conducted on the patient’s beliefs about prescribed medicines, communication barriers and adherence to treatment in patients with hypertension. It was hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship among patients’ beliefs about prescribed medicines, patient doctor communication and adherence to treatment in patients with hypertension; beliefs about the prescribed medicines and patient doctor communication would be predicted the adherence to treatment in patients with hypertension; there would be gender differences in beliefs about the prescribed medicines, patient doctor communication and adherence to treatment in patients with hypertension. Cross sectional study design was used and the sample of 100 patients (50 = males, 50 = females) were taken from three government hospitals of Lahore through purposive sampling technique. A self-constructed demographic information sheet, Beliefs about the Medication Questionnaire (Horne, Weinmen & Hankins, 1999), Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy scale (Kim, Hill, Bone & Levien, 2000) and Smith-Falvo Patient-Doctor Interaction Scale (Lehmann, Fontaine & Bourque, 1988) were individually administered on the sample to assess the study variables. Pearson product moment correlation, stepwise regression and independent samples t-test were applied to generate results. Results showed that adherence was significantly related to beliefs about the necessity of medicines and doctor patient communication. Beliefs about concerned of medicines as dependence and long term effects showed negative correlation with medication adherence. Patient doctor communication and beliefs about necessity of medicines were predictors of adherence to treatment in patients with hypertension. The study has important implications in health care of patients with hypertension as it improve patient doctor communication and help the patients to reduce and avoid the unpleasant effects of medicines that may cause problem in adherence to treatment.
Keywords: Beliefs, Prescribed medicines, Communication, Barriers, Hypertension.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245