Narcissistic Tendencies, Empathy and Forgiveness as Predictors of Social Connectedness among University Students

Author: Ammara Alam (MPhil, 2011-2013) Supervisor: Rafia Rafique, PhD

Supervisor: Rafia Rafique, PhD
Degree: MPhil
Year: 2011-2013
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The present research aimed to investigate factors related to social connectedness among university students. Correlational research design was used to investigate the proposed hypotheses. Sample included (N =280) university students (male = 134 and female = 146). The Hypersensitivity Narcissism Scale, Interpersonal Reactivity Index, The Heartland Forgiveness Scale and Social Connectedness Scale were used to explore the study variables. Results of moderated regression analysis revealed that narcissism negatively predicted social connectedness and self-forgiveness. Empathy positively predicted social connectedness, when controlling for gender and family system. Further, narcissism did not moderate the relationship between empathy and social connectedness and also between forgiveness and social connectedness. Considering the psychological and physical health and other benefits, the current study permits that empathy, forgiveness, social support and compassion can help improve social connectedness among university students. This can help to buffer a negative impact on health, adjustment, general well-being and psychological functioning.

Keywords: Narcissistic Tendencies, Empathy, Forgiveness, Social Connectedness.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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