Mother Expressiveness and Behavioral Development in Pre-School Children

Author: Mubeena Munir
Supervisor: Faiz Younas
Degree: BS
Year: 2011-2015
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The study examined the relationship between mother’s expressiveness and behavioral development in pre-school children. It was hypothesized that negative expressiveness of mother is likely to correlate positively with behavioral development i.e. emotional problems, conduct problems, peer problems, hyperactivity and prosocial behavior in pre-school children. Further, it was hypothesized that mother expressiveness is likely to predict behavioral development in preschool children. It was also hypothesized that girls are more likely to show emotional problems, conduct problems, peer problems, hyperactivity and prosocial behavior as compared to boys. The Modified Version of Self-Expressiveness in the Family Questionnaire (Mizokawa, 2013) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (Youth in mind, 1998) were used for assessment. Through correlational research design and purposive sampling technique, a sample of (N = 104) mothers was recruited. Results were generated by applying Pearson product moment correlation, Independent samples t-test and Hierarchical Regression using SPSS. The results showed that negative expressiveness of mother has a positive correlation with emotional problems, conduct problems and hyperactivity and a negative correlation with prosocial behaviors in children. Moreover negative expressiveness of mother predicted conduct problems and emotional problems in children while positive expressiveness predicted prosocial behavior in children. It was also revealed that girls showed more emotional problems than boys. The findings implied important role in improving parent-child relationship and to address child’s personality development.
Keywords: Mother Expressiveness, Behavioral Development, Pre-school children.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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