Mathematics Anxiety, Self-Efficacy and Academic Performance of High School Students

Author: Sadaf Fatima

Supervisor: Dr. Afsheen Masood

Degree: MSc

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The main objective of this research was to examine the relationship between mathematic anxiety, self-efficacy and academic performance in mathematic of high school students. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be relationship between Mathematics anxiety, academic performance and self-efficacy in high school students. A sample of 100 participants was included from different high schools, age ranging between 14-16 years. The measures were Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale instrument developed by (Richardson & Suin 1972), Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale by (Schwarzer & Jerusalem 1995), Academic Performance Rating Scale (APRS) by (Paul, Rapport & Perreillo 1991), translated into Urdu and a self-constructed demographic questionnaire. The data was analyzed through Pearson Product-Moment Correlation. While gender differences were analyzed by using independent samples t– test. The result shows that there is significant negative relationship between mathematics anxiety and self-efficacy. It also revealed that there is no significant relationship between mathematics anxiety and academic performance, self-efficacy and academic performance. The result shows significant gender differences in mathematics anxiety, self-efficacy and non-significant gender differences in academic performance.

Keywords: Mathematics, Self-Efficacy, Academic Performance.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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