Maternal Self-Efficacy, Maternal Involvement and Children’s Psychological Well-Being

Author: Shaista Naheed

Supervisor: Fatima Kamran, PhD

Degree: Mphil

Year: 2014-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present between group study aimed to examine the relationship between maternal self-efficacy, maternal involvement and children’s psychological well-being. The snowball and convenient sampling strategies were used for recruitment of sample. The sample consisted of 105 mothers and their children. There were 58 working mothers with age range (28-45 years) and 47 non-working mothers with age range (28-46 years). Measures included, Ten items Personality Inventory (TIPI-10; Gosling, Rentfrow & Swan, 2003), Self efficacy for Parenting Tasks Index (Coleman & Karraker, 2000), Parent Involvement Questionnaire (Bierman et al, 2003), Work-Family Conflict Scale (Haslam, Filus, Morawska, Sanders, & Fletcher, 2015) and The Stirling Children’s Well- being Scale (Liddle & Carter, 2010). Statistical Analysis included Pearson Product Moment Correlation, Hierarchical Regression Analysis and t-test. The results showed that maternal self-efficacy, involvement and children’s psychological well-being are positively associated. Maternal self-efficacy and involvement predict children’s psychological well-being. Maternal involvement acts as a mediator in the relationship between maternal self-efficacy and children’s psychological well-being. Working mothers have more self-efficacy than non-working mothers but they show equal involvement in children’s development.

Keywords: Maternal Self-Efficacy, Maternal Involvement, Psychological Well-Being.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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