Author: Musfirah Nasr Chaudhry (BS, 2011-2015) Supervisor: Omama Tariq
Supervisor: Omama Tariq
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The study investigated the relationship between delay of gratification, locus of control and adherence to treatment between obese and non-obese diabetic patients. It was hypothesized that; (a) there would to be relationship between delay of gratification, locus of control and adherence to treatment; (b) delay of gratification would be mediated relationship between locus of control and adherence to treatment; (c) non-obese diabetic patients are likely to have higher delay of gratification and adherence to treatment as compare to obese diabetic patients. Between groups research design was used and samples of 100 patients with diabetes were recruited from three public hospitals through purposive sampling technique. Delay of Gratification Inventory (Hoerger, Quirk & Weed, 2011), Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External Control Scale (Nowicki & Strickland, 1974) and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Measure (Toobert, Hampson & Giasgow, 2000) were used for assessment. Pearson product-moment correlation, independent samples t-test and testing mediation with a series of regression analyses were used to analyze the data. The results indicated that adherence to treatment and delay of gratification showed negative relationship with locus of control while adherence to treatment showed positive relationship with delay of gratification. The results also showed that delay of gratification completely mediated the association between adherence to treatment and locus of control. There was no difference in delay of gratification and adherence to treatment in non-obese patients as compare to obese patients. The study has implications in providing better counseling and treatment to diabetic patients.
Keywords: Locus of Control, Delay of Gratification, Adherence to Treatment, Obese and Non-obese Diabetic Patients”
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone: 92-42-9231245