Illness Uncertainty, Perceived Social Support and Hope in Women with Breast Cancer

Author: Atika Nazir
Supervisor: Iqra Waheed & Saima Ghazal, PhD
Degree: M.Sc
Year: 2014-2016
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The present study was conducted to explore the relationship between illness uncertainty, perceived social support and hope in breast cancer patients. It was hypothesized that Illness uncertainty and perceived social support are likely to predict hope in breast cancer patients. Correlational research design was used in the study. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to recruit sample of 60 (M = 46.5) breast cancer females from public hospitals of Lahore city. For assessing uncertainty, perceived social support and hope in the patients, Uncertainty Stress Scale (Hilton, 1994), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (Zimet, Dalhem, Zimet & Farley, 1988) and Herth Hope Index (Herth, 1998) were used. The data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Hierarchical Regression analysis. Findings revealed a significant negative relationship between perceived social support and illness uncertainty. Perceived social support was positively correlated with hope. Further, a negative correlation was found between illness uncertainty and hope. Perceived social support and illness uncertainty also emerged as significant predictors of hope. Findings were discussed in the light of previous research and Pakistani socio-cultural context.

Keywords: Illness uncertainty, Perceived Social Support, Hope, Breast Cancer.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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