Gender Differences in Vulnerability to Emotional Stress

Author: Arjumand Ayub

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Najma Najam

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2006-2008

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to investigate the effects of attributional style for causing depression in married Vs single females. The sample (N= 92; married = 47, unmarried = 45) age range 20-35 recruited from different parts of Lahore city on the basis of convenience. Dysfunctional Attitude Scale and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) were used to measure the attributional style and levels of depression in females. Statistical analysis was done by applying Independent sample t-test. The results suggested a highly significant difference between the attributional style and depression levels of married and single females. Married females reported more Dysfunctional attributional style and depression as compared to single females.

Keywords: Attributional style, Depression, Married Females, Single Females

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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