Gender Differences in Test Anxiety Level and Academic Performance of Medical Students

Author: Rabia Ghani

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Yasmin N. Farooqi

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2007-2009

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The current research investigates gender differences in test anxiety level and academic performance of medical students. A sample of 150 medicals students (75 males and 75 females) was drawn from the Services Institute of Medical Sciences (SIMS) within the age range of 17-24 years. Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI) by Professor Emeritus Dr. Charles D. Spielberger (1980) was individually administered to the participants. Written permission was granted by the author for use of TAI in this research. The research findings suggested that the female medical students reported significantly higher test anxiety level as compared to the male medical students. However, the results suggested that the male medical students have significantly higher GPA as compared to the female medical students. Moreover, significant negative relationship was found between test anxiety and academic performance of medical students. The findings of this research have implications for understanding gender differences in test anxiety and academic performance of medical students.

Keywords: Gender Differences, Test Anxiety, Academic Performance, Medical Students

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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