Family Environment, Peer Relations, Self-Regulation and Positive Development in Youth

Author: Syeda Fatima Hasnain

Supervisor: Farah Malik, PhD

Degree: Mphil

Year: 2014-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The current correlational research investigated the influence of family environment and peer relations on positive development in youth taking self-regulation as a mediator. It was hypothesized that effective family environment, good peer relations, self-regulation would be positively related to positive development in youth. Further, self-regulation would mediate the relationship between family environment, peer relations, and PYD. Differences across gender and education level were also hypothesized. A sample of 344 young individuals was drawn with an age range of 14-24 years using convenient sampling technique. Self-report Family Inventory (Beavers & Hampson, 2000), Peer Relations Scale (Petersen, Schulenberg, Abramowitz, Offer, & Jarcho, 1984), Short Self- regulation Questionnaire (Carey, Neal, & Collins, 2004), and Positive Youth Development Inventory (Arnold, Nott, & Meinhold, 2012) were administered in Urdu. Pearson Product Moment showed that family environment was significantly positively related to good peer relations, self-regulation, and positive youth development. Good peer relations were significantly positively correlated with self-regulation and PYD. Multiple Hierarchical Regression revealed that family environment, self- regulation and good peer relations were significant positive predictors of PYD. Mediational Analysis using SEM revealed that self-regulation was a significant mediator between family environment and PYD and it also mediated the relationship between peer relations and PYD in presence of control variables. Results of 2-way MANOVA suggested a significant main effect of education level for self-regulation and PYD. The interaction between gender and education level was also significant for family environment and self-regulation. The results were discussed in Pakistani socio-cultural context.

Keywords: Family Environment, Peer Relations, Self-Regulation, Positive Development.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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