Difference in Self-Esteem of Orphan Children and Children living with their Parents

Author: Marina Intezar

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Yasmin N. Farooqi

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2007-2009

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The current research investigated differences in self-esteem between orphan children and children living with their parents. The sample was composed of 150 children. Non- probability purposive sampling was used. Children living with both parents were drawn from different schools of Lahore that were Aizhar school system, The Lahore lyceum school, and The Educators. Jonathan Berent’s Self-esteem Scale (1988) was individually administered to all the research participants. Orphan children reported have less self-esteem than children living with their parents. The result showed that there is a significant difference in self-esteem between orphan child’s and children living with their parents. The findings of this research promoting understanding about the personality in children as a result of self-esteem.

Keywords: Self-Esteem, Orphan Children, Children living with their Parents

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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