Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Patients with Renal Failure Receiving Hemodialysis versus those Receiving Peritoneal Dialysis

Author: Sadia Ashraf 

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar

Degree: M.Phil

Year:2009 – 2011

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract

The objective of the study was to examine the differences in depression, anxiety and stress between peritoneal dialysis patients and hemodialysis patients. It was hypothesized that (a) Patients receiving peritoneal dialysis are likely to experience higher depressive symptoms as compared to patients receiving hemodialysis, (b) Patients receiving peritoneal dialysis are likely to experience higher anxiety as compared to patients receiving hemodialysis, (c) Patients receiving peritoneal dialysis are likely to experience higher levels of stress as compared to patients receiving hemodialysis. A between-group research design was used. A sample of eighty participants, fifty patients were receiving hemodialysis and thirty patients were receiving peritoneal dialysis were taken from the different hospitals of Lahore. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) were used to measure depression, anxiety and stress in dialysis patients. Independent sample t-tests were performed to compare hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients with depression, anxiety and stress. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the level of depression, anxiety and stress in patients of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. There was a significant positive correlation between depression anxiety and stress. There was no relationship between age, depression, anxiety and stress. Training programs and seminars should be organized to educate patients about psychological aspects besides the medical aspects of their illness.

Keywords:depression, anxiety, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, stress.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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