Author: Ayesha Naeem
Supervisor: Faiza Rasool & Rukhsana Kausar, PhD
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
Asthma is one of the most commonly known chronic diseases having adverse long term effects on the health-related quality of life of the sufferers. The current study explored the relationship between types of coping strategies and health-related quality of life in patients with asthma. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a relationship between coping strategies and health-related quality of life in patients with asthma. It was also hypothesized that coping strategies are likely to predict health-related quality of life in patients with asthma. Further, it was also hypothesized that there are differences on the basis of gender as well as on the basis of family background on coping strategies and health-related quality of life in patients with asthma. By using correlational research design and purposive sampling strategy the sample of young patients with asthma both boys (n = 29) and girls (n = 31) age ranged 17-25 (M = 21.17, SD = 24.50) was drawn from different government hospitals of Lahore. A self-constructed demographic information sheet, Coping Strategies Questionnaire (Kausar, 2004) and Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (Juniper, 1991) were used for the assessment. Pearson product moment correlation and simple linear regression were performed to analyze the data. Further Independent Samples t-test was used to examine the differences on the basis of gender and family background. The results showed that active practical coping has significant positive relationship only with symptoms, active distracting coping has significant positive relationship with activity limitation, symptoms and emotional functioning. On the other hand, avoidance focused coping has significant negative relationship with emotional functioning but religious focused coping has no relationship with any dimension of health-related quality of life. Active practical coping and avoidance focused coping both significantly predicted health- related quality of life. Moreover, differences were found on the basis of family background. Rural population had significantly poor quality of life as compared to urban population.
Keywords: Coping, Asthma, Chronic Disease.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245