Communal and Agentic Traits and Marital Adjustment in Married Men and Women

Author: Seher Naveed

Supervisor: Saleha Younis & Iram Fatima, PhD

Degree: BS

Year: 2012-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The current research focused on exploring the relationship between communal and agentic traits and marital adjustment among married working men and women. Correlation research design was used. The sample of bankers (n = 65) and university teachers (n = 35) with the age range of 23 to 53 years (M = 32.23, SD= 4.33) was conveniently selected from private banks and different departments of University of the Punjab, Lahore. Agentic and Communal Values Scale (Trapnell & Paulhas, 2012) was used to assess agentic and communal traits, and The Marital Adjustment Test (Locke & Wallace, 1959) was used to assess marital adjustment. It was hypothesized that men would have more agentic and women would have more communion traits. Further it was hypothesized that agentic traits would be positively related with marital adjustment in men and communal traits would be would be positively related to marital adjustment in women. Findings revealed that higher agentic traits were present in men as compared to women and more communion traits were present in women as compared to men. Findings also showed that high agentic traits in women lead to low marital adjustment. This study provides an idea that gender stereotyped role is not always necessary for marital adjustment.

Keywords: Agentic, Communal Traits, Marital Adjustment.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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