Childhood Abuse, Neglect and Self-Harm in Major Depressive and Non-Depressive Individuals

Author: Aleena Rubab

Supervisor: Mr. Faiz Younas

Degree: MSc

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The purpose of this research was to investigate relationship among childhood abuse and neglect and self-harm in major-depressive and non- depressive individuals. It was hypothesized that there is positive relationship between Childhood Abuse, Neglect with Self-Harm and Major Depressive Disorder. Correlational research design was used to recruit a sample of (N = 100) which included (n = 50) major depressive chosen through purposive sampling while (n = 50) non-depressive participants were recruited by convenient sampling. The sample of depressive participants was taken from various hospitals of Lahore. Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (Bernstein & Fink, 1998) and Inventory of Statements about Self-Injury (Klonsky & Glenn, 2009) were used. Correlation independent sample t-test and Manova were applied to assess the results which showed significant positive relationship between childhood abuse, neglect and major depressive disorder and childhood abuse, and neglect with self-harm. It was concluded that childhood abuse, neglect leads to self-harm and major depressive disorder. This research can create awareness about childhood abuse and neglect and its consequences in later life.

Keywords: Childhood Abuse, Neglect, Self-Harm, Major Depressive Disorder.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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