Attachment Orientation, Perceived Parental Support and Social Adjustment in Adolescents of Working Parents

Author: Rida Javed
Supervisor: Shehnaz Bano & Rukhsana Kausar, PhD
Degree: M.Sc
Year: 2013- 2015

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The current research was designed to examine the relationship between attachment orientation, perceived parental support or social adjustment in adolescents of working parents. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a positive relationship between attachment orientation, perceived parental support and social adjustment. Also, attachment orientation is likely to predict social adjustment in adolescents and there are likely to  be gender differences in attachment orientation, perceived parental support and social adjustment. Correlational research design and non- probability purposive sampling was used to recruit a sample of adolescents (N = 150). Experience in Close Relationship- Relationship Structures (Frarely, Heffernan, Vicary, & Brumbaugh, 2011), Perception of Parent Scale (Grolnick, Ryan & Deci, 1991) and Bells adjustment inventory (Bell’s, 1963) Questionnaire were used for assessment. Pearson product moment correlation, hierarchal regression analysis and independent samples t-test were used to analyze data. Results showed a positive relationship between attachment orientation and social adjustment. Moderation analysis showed that mothers’ support influences social support whereas father support didn’t influence social support in adolescents. Results revealed significant differences in girls and boys or those boys tend to have more secure attachment than girls. This study can serve as a guide for parents to help their children to adjust in the society and grow as better human beings.

Keywords: Attachment orientation, Perceived Parental Support, Social Adjustment, Working Parents.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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