Assertiveness, Self-Silencing and Psychological Well-Being of Working Women

Author: Hafiza Iram

Supervisor: Faiza Rasool

Degree: MSc

Year: 2014-2016

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between assertiveness, self-silencing and psychological well-being of working women. It was hypothesized that there would likely to be a positive relationship between assertiveness, and psychological well-being; there would likely to be a negative relationship between self-silencing and psychological well-being. Moreover, It was hypothesized that assertiveness would likely to predict of psychological well-being whereas self-silencing would likely to be the predictor of psychological ill-being. Correlational research design was used. The sample comprised of 100 women, (N = 100) including 25 doctors and 25 nurses and 50 bankers, with age range 20-60 years (M = 33.34, SD = 8.36). Silencing The Self Scale (STSS) (Jack, 1992), Assertiveness Scale (Goldberget al., 2006) and Psychological Well-being Scale (Ryff, 1998) were used for assessment. Descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Simple Linear Regressions were performed for data analysis. Results indicated that assertiveness has significant negative relationship with both autonomy and environmental mastery of psychological well-being. Self-silencing has significant positive relationship with both (autonomy and self-acceptance) of psychological well-being. Moreover, position in the house, family system, any other resources and self-silencing were the predictor of psychological wellbeing whereas assertiveness has not impact on psychological wellbeing. The implications of this research work are to construct the life of women who are playing dual role of married women and employee as well in improved and constructed way.

Keywords: Self Silencing, Assertiveness, Psychological Well- Being, Women.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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