Anger Depression and Anxiety as Predictor of Acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) and their Matched Controls

Author: Tayyba Safdar

Supervisor: Ms. Rafia Rafiq

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2006-2008

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research was carried out to investigate the difference in the level of anger, depression and anxiety in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients and their matched controls. Cross sectional research design was used to conduct the present study. In order to collect the data, purposive sampling technique was used. The sample consisted of 72 individuals (36 MI patients and 36 controls). The controls were matched on age and gender to that of Acute MI patients. Data was collected through a self constructed indigenous tool (a = 0.86) to measure anger. HADS (hospital anxiety and depression scale (a = 0.6) were used for anxiety and depression measurement. Independent sample t-test was used to analyze the data. The results indicated that anger and anxiety is more in MI patients than in controls but there is no difference in the level of depression between the two groups.

Keywords: Anger Depression, Anxiety, Acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) , Matched Controls

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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