Author: Javaria Altaf

Supervisor: Aasma Yousaf, Sharmeen Aslam Tarar, Farah Malik PhD

Degree: MS

Year: 2015-2017

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to identify the Acquisition of types of
Urdu Pronouns in 3 to 6 years old Typically Developing Children
and to find out the relationship in acquisition of types of Urdu
pronouns in children. The Cross-sectional Within Group Research
Design was used and N=60 children (30 girls & 30 boys) with age
3-6 years (M= 4.14 & SD=.84) were recruited using Convenient
Sampling. The sample was collected from home environment in
different areas of Lahore. The data was collected through 4 set of
games designed by researcher. Data was transcribed and analyzed
by the researcher and types of pronouns were evaluated from 150
utterances. Frequencies of words were tabulated and analyzed in
frequency tabulation sheet. The frequencies are counted in
numerical forms for statistical analysis. There were no significant
differences among all age bands and gender with reference to
acquisition of pronouns. It was revealed that age, gender,
education of child, family system, parents education, the habit of
storytelling and played with others have positive relationship with
acquisition of Urdu pronouns. Patterns that identified might help
in extending the theory and research in the field of speech and
language pathology. The current sample might serve as a baseline
for assessment measures in the domain of speech and language

Keywords: Urdu Pronouns, Typically Developing Children.

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