Author: Humaira Nazir

Supervisor: Rabia Dasti, Sharmin Aslam Tarar, Farah Malik PhD

Degree: MS

Year: 2015-2017

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to identify the developmental pattern of
Urdu Postposition in Typically Developing Children aged
between 3 and 6 years. The developmental patterns were
examined on the basis of age. The Between Group Cross sectional Research Design was used and 60 typically developing children age range (i.e. 3.0 to 3.6, 3.7 to 3.12, 4.0 to 4.6, 4.7 to
4.12. 5.0 to 5.6 & 5.7 to 5.12) were selected, using two stage
sampling (Convenience and Purposive) living in Lahore, Pakistan.
Initially, convenient sampling procedure was used to collect data.
The participants initially fulfilled the inclusion criteria were
recruited for the present study. Data was elicited by using four
games; which were included zoo animal, cooking, play vehicles
and doctor game. The elicited data was transcribed in Urdu, 150
utterances were selected from each child’s data. The elicited data
was analyzed on language analysis. By using this analysis the
syntax or grammatical categories of postpositions were
categorized and their frequencies were extracted. After
language analysis, the data was transformed to SPSS for further
statistical analysis t-test and ANOVA was run to find out
gender differences and age differences respectively. The results of
independent sample t test revealed that there were no differences
in acquisition of postpositions on the basis of gender. The results
of present study partially support the hypothesis of age difference
in some complex categories of postpositions.

Keywords: Urdu Postpositions, Utterances.

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