Author: Hiba Maqsood
Supervisor: Aasma Yousaf, Sharmeen Aslam, Farah Malik PhD
University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The current study investigated the developmental pattern of Urdu
Nouns in 3-6 years old typically developing children. It was
hypothesized that older age children are likely to have better
acquisition of grammatical categories and types of noun as
compare to younger age children. The Between Group Cross sectional Research Design was used. Total participants (N= 60)boys (n=30) and girls (n=30) with 3-6 years of age (M=4.14 &
SD=.84) living in Lahore, Pakistan were selected, using two stage
sampling (Convenience and Purposive).Participants were selected
through (a) children with normal development (b) who are fluent
in Urdu language. Data was elicited through semi structure
elicitation technique. The elicited data was transcribed in Urdu
language, 150 utterances were selected from each child data.
Language analysis was done for transcribed data and frequencies
of grammatical categories and types of nouns were identified.
Scoring obtained from the language analysis was then calculated
to identify the significance of the results. The results of ANOVA
indicate the significant differences in the acquisition of
grammatical categories and types of noun in typically developing
children. Result of independent sample t-test revealed no gender
differences in acquisition of grammatical categories and types of
noun in typically developing children. Regression analysis
indicates that demographic characteristics significantly predict
development of grammatical categories and types of nouns in
typically developing children. This was the first preliminary
research targeting the acquisition of Urdu nouns in 3-6 years old
typically developing children. The developmental trend of
grammatical categories and types of nouns identified in this study
might help both as a baseline for future research and as a
foundation for diagnosis in clinical population.
Keywords: Urdu pronouns, Typically Developing Children.
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