Academic Locus of Control, Self Efficacy and Academic Performance among Medical Students

Author: Hira Muneer

Supervisor: Dr. Rafia Rafique and Ms. Qudsia Nasheen

Degree: MSc

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study explored the relationship of academic locus of control, self-efficacy and academic performance among medical students. It was hypothesized that a) there is likely to be a relationship between academic locus of control, self-efficacy and academic performance among medical students and b) academic locus of control and self-efficacy are likely to predict academic performance among medical students. Within subject research deign was used. The sample (n = 200) (100 male and 100 female) medical students were selected by using non probability purposive sampling technique from two public sector medical colleges of Lahore. College Student Self-Efficacy Scale (CSSES), Trice’s Academic Locus of Control Scale and Academic performance scores along with demographic form were used to measure the variables. Correlational analysis indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and performance, and a significant negative relationship between locus of control and performance. Regression analysis indicated that self-efficacy was a significant predictor of performance. The present study has added up in existing literature regarding correlates of academic performance.

Keywords: Locus of Control, Self-Efficacy, Academic Performance.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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