A Comparative Study of Genders and Institutes Victimization at Work Place

Author: Sumaria Shahzad

Supervisor: Dr. Naumana Amjad

Degree: M.Sc

Year: 2006-2008

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study examines the subtypes of the aggression experienced or witnessed by the adults at their workplaces. It also looks for evidence supporting the hypothesis that there are gender differences in type of aggression at workplaces. A scale was constructed measuring aggression and its types (direct and indirect aggression). It was administered on a sample of 80 teachers (35 males and 45 females) taken from different universities of Lahore using the Non-probability convenient technique. Results revealed high frequency of aggression in University of Punjab as compared to other universities of Lahore however it did not show any significant gender differences in experiencing or witnessing aggressive behavior at workplace. While implicating these result which indicate that there is both types of victimization, direct and indirect, although the sample was taken from the institutions of higher education and both the victims and aggressors were educated Muslims. The current research has measured this negative behavior at workplace and in future studies it could be investigate how victimization can be reduced. One possibility is educating people or creating awareness about Islamic moral guidelines regarding interpersonal behavior.

Keywords: Genders, Victimization, Work Place, Aggressive Behavior, Moral Guidelines, Interpersonal Behavior

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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