Symptom Severity, Self-Efficacy and Psycho-Education for Dengue Fever Patients: A Case Control Study

Author: Bakhtawar Mukhtar 

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar

Degree: M.Phil

Year: 2010-2012

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present case control study examined effects of self efficacy and psycho-education on symptoms severity in patients suffering from dengue fever. It was hypothesized that: there are significant differences in self efficacy and symptom severity of patients who do receive and who do not receive psycho-education sessions; there are gender differences in self efficacy of dengue patients. The sample consisted of forty dengue fever patients with equal number in each group. The sample was selected from one teaching hospital of Lahore through purposive sampling strategy. General self efficacy scale (GSE) and a self constructed symptoms rating scale were used for assessment. The severity and frequency of dengue symptoms record was maintained in follow-ups of the patients. Psycho-education booklet was prepared in consultation with existing related literature and medical professionals dealing with dengue patients. Patients with comparable demographic and disease related characteristics were randomly assigned to two groups. Pre-assessment on symptom severity and frequency for all recruited patients was carried out and psycho-education sessions were conducted at the premises of the hospital. The data were analyzed using independent sample t-test and thematic analysis (for qualitative analysis). The results indicated that patients receiving psycho-education showed better treatment outcome expectancy than non psycho-education group. The findings of the present research revealed that dengue fever had psychological implications for the patients suffering from dengue fever.


Keywords: symptom severity, self-efficacy, psycho education, dengue fever.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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